This authority can be
the Current Document Change Authority (CDCA), described in b. Below,
for individual documents that require change (e.g., a system or
CI performance specification). If it is not the CDCA for a given
document, it does not have the authority to approve a proposed change
to that document, and therefore must solicit ECP approval from the
applicable CDCA, or select an alternate design. In addition, the process
makes affected parties aware that a change is being developed and
enables them to provide pertinent input. Configuration management is a critical discipline in delivering products that meet customer requirements and that are built according to approved design documentation. PDM/PLM and ERP systems can provide the tools to support configuration management.

  • System misconfigurations were identified in Red Hat’s State of Kubernetes Security report as a leading cause of security incidents among containerized or Kubernetes-orchestrated environments.
  • Due to the scale and complexity of most enterprise environments, IT teams now use automation to define and maintain the desired state of their various systems.
  • It’s not really code so it’s not immediately put in version control and it’s not first-class data so It isn’t stored in a primary database.
  • While Ian has broad and deep experience with both Java and .NET, he’s best known as a champion of agile methods in large enterprises.
  • This serviceability is often defined in terms of the amount of usage the component has had since it was new, since fitted, since repaired, the amount of use it has had over its life and several other limiting factors.

Future business demands may require the communication of changes between supplier and customer that affect the as-supported configuration. Serial effectivity works in a similar way, but the change is tied typically to the end-item serial number. Serial effectivity is sometimes the preferred effectivity technique because the planned configuration of each end-item serial number is pre-defined and not subject to shifting schedules. Determination of when interchangeability is re-established is a matter of judgment. Strictly speaking, it could be argued that in many of cases that a change is made, a subtle effect on specified fit, form or function could be identified in the end-item itself (i.e., interchangeability is not re-established at the end-item level). Practically, Engineering and other functions will make a judgment that interchangeability is reestablished at the lowest possible level in the product structure to avoid the impact of the change on logistics, tech manuals and maintenance.


A product data management system or engineering document control system is a logical approach to addressing this and other documentation needs.As changes are requested or proposed, a unique identifier is assigned to the ECP/ECR. As the proposed change moves through the evaluation and approval process, its status should be tracked using this system(s). Status information would include not only completed steps and the information accumulated at each step, but information on the physical location of the ECP/ECR should also be maintained. When the change is approved, an Engineering Change Order or Engineering Change Notice (ECO/ECN) is prepared and distributed.

Accidents, weak passwords, password sharing, and other unwise or uninformed user behaviors continue to be the cause of nearly half (49%) of all reported data breaches. Based on a systematic analysis on the evolution of the spin and lattice configuration under varying electric and magnetic fields, we find that both electric and magnetic susceptibilities show tunable enhancements around the transitions of the magnetic and electric orders. The calculation of the excitation spectrum for the coupled spin-lattice dynamics shows that not only the magnon and phonon spectra, but also the hybridization behaviors between them can be efficiently controlled electrically.

Work Management

effectivity to a future defined block of the CIs may be one solution. Combining or packaging a number of software changes into the next
version may be another, etc. The final step is the physical verification of the product to the as-built configuration records through inspection or product tear-downs if required. Configuration control is an important function of the configuration management discipline. Its purpose is to ensure that all changes to a complex system are performed with the knowledge and consent of management. The scope creep that results from ineffective or nonexistent configuration control is a frequent cause of project failure.

configuration control

This article will focus primarily on confidentiality since it’s the element that’s compromised in most data breaches. Since the order bill of material will be used to maintain information on temporary changes in configuration, it should also maintain information on the authorization for this temporary change if applicable. For example, if the change in configuration was authorized by a deviation or waiver, the deviation or waiver identification and date should be maintained in the order bill to provide a logical audit trail in reconciling the as-built configuration to the as-designed configuration. If a Class I change is made to an item at a lower level in the product structure, the part number of the new item changes.

Configuration management

When interchangeability is re-established at a higher assembly level for a Class I change, the revision letter for that part number is rolled to the next level to reflect a change in documentation, i.e., a change to the assembly’s parts list. A Class II change which does not affect fit, form or function generally is also implemented by rolling the revision letter to the next higher level. Because a Class II change has much less impact on the product, the change approval process is not as complex. This leads to the infamous Class 1.5 change, a Class I change that affects fit, form or function, etc., and is treated as a Class II change by rolling the revision level rather than changing the part number. This type of change is done to shortcut the engineering change process and should be avoided.

For this reason, engineers, contractors, and management are frequently forced to develop documentation reflecting the actual status of the item before they can proceed with a change. This reverse engineering process is wasteful in terms of human and other resources and can be minimized or eliminated using CM. The contractual configuration control authority addresses the
total set of documents that are baselined for the product controlled
by that authority for a specific contract.

Jira Product Discovery

The popular pull request workflow that software teams use to review and edit code can then be applied to configuration data files. Any changes applied to the configuration must be reviewed and accepted by the team. configuration control Since all existing CI configurations cannot often be updated simultaneously,
careful consideration must be given to either delaying or accelerating
the incorporation of the change to minimize the impact.

It identifies the functional and physical attributes of software at various points in time, and performs systematic control of changes to the identified attributes for the purpose of maintaining software integrity and traceability throughout the software development life cycle. Software configuration management is a systems engineering process that tracks and monitors changes to a software systems configuration metadata. In software development, configuration management is commonly used alongside version control and CI/CD infrastructure. This post focuses on its modern application and use in agile CI/CD software environments. Configuration control requires that both proposed and approved engineering changes be tracked and identified to the affected items.

CM-3( : Automated Security Response

The CCB operating procedures should also
define target processing times for ECPs to assure timely staffing,
approval and implementation. In a denial of service (DoS) attack, the attacker deluges the target server—in this case the database server—with so many requests that the server can no longer fulfill legitimate requests from actual users, and, in many cases, the server becomes unstable or crashes. Malware is software written specifically to exploit vulnerabilities or otherwise cause damage to the database. A database-specific threat, these involve the insertion of arbitrary SQL or non-SQL attack strings into database queries served by web applications or HTTP headers.

configuration control

So, in a way you’ll look into the Project Management Plan, but the Project Management Plan itself is physically stored in a Configuration Management System. Refer to the Configuration Management System – A Quick Refresher article for more details. In a functional organization is the most common form of organization structure where staff members are grouped by specialty, such as engineering, manufacturi… Both are related activities in the sense that they are concerned with “management of change”. However, they are distinct activities with different focus, and one is not a substitute for other.

Configuration Management and Engineering Change Control

It also makes it possible to maintain consistent system settings across datacenter, cloud, and edge environments for an application’s entire life cycle, minimizing both performance and security issues. The discipline required with complex products such as defense systems provides an excellent basis for considering rules related to configuration changes. As a prerequisite to configuration control, it is important to understand the classes of change and the implications of these changes on the bill of material structure. These are changes that affect an item’s specifications, weight, interchangeability, interfacing, reliability, safety, schedule, cost, etc. Class II changes are changes to correct documentation or changes to hardware not otherwise defined as a Class I change.