This leads to a period known as storming—because it can involve brainstorming ideas and also because it usually causes disruption. During the storming stage members begin to share ideas about what to do and how to do it that compete for consideration. Team members start to open up to each other and confront one another’s ideas and perspectives. Let’s say your team is working on a project to make it easier for users to navigate your product. You’ll need a copywriter for your content, an analyst to track and interpret the data you collect, a designer for website and app updates, and possibly a product manager. Have an all-hands meeting to introduce all of these players, including remote team members , so everyone knows where to go for answers.

  • This stage arrives naturally when a project is completed and the need for a team is no longer felt.
  • The team utilizes all resources to meet milestones, and team members step up to support each other.
  • Help your team check in with each other by holding daily stand-up meetings or mid-week progress reports to see if everyone is on track and has the materials they need.
  • Project management duties can be shared, with different members taking responsibilities for each stage of the project.

Usually, the adjourning stage of group development happens in short-term projects, as they are naturally expected to end. However, permanent groups that work on long-term projects can also experience it, because of organizational restructuring or some external factors. Challenges have a minimal impact on team performance and morale because members have strategies for resolving them without compromising project timelines and progress. A team’s performance is at peak capacity at this stage because everyone has learned to identify and leverage each other’s strengths for the common good. During the forming stage, team members are often optimistic and enthusiastic about getting started.

The Team Size Sweet Spot: Balancing Efficiency & Collaboration

By following these tips, you can help your team move through the five stages of team development and achieve success. This stage occurs when the team’s work is completed, and the team dissolves. The members may go their separate ways, or they may stay together to form a new team. This is when the team comes together and starts to get to know each other.

performing stage of team development

Allow extra time to review the ideas the team shares and to answer questions. At the end of the project, set up an online meeting where team members come together to discuss the entire project, from the successes to the frustrations. Ask them to prepare examples beforehand outlining what worked and what didn’t, and then give each person five minutes to share their thoughts.

Stage 2: Storming

Without a clear understanding of what role each individual plays on the team, relationships can get tumultuous as team members struggle to find a role that’s right for them. After the norming stage, the group moves to the performing stage. The group members are mature in their roles, and each one of them is aware of their strengths. The team members share this recognition and respect individuals for their strengths allowing every team member to be a leader in their field and right because they have matured.

performing stage of team development

This paper became the groundwork for the stages of group development. Tuckman’s foundation helps team leaders understand how team dynamics change as a project progresses. By understanding the five stages of group development, you can four stages of group development support your team as they’re getting to know one another to quickly enable collaboration and effective teamwork. Perhaps you’ve been part of a group that played a vital role in helping an organization accomplish something important.

Team Norms and Cohesiveness

The internal competitions prevalent at the storming stage have been rooted out. Each team member’s roles and responsibilities are also clear. As a result, the team works more efficiently because members understand what’s expected of them and know how to share their ideas and seek feedback. As strong personalities emerge, team leaders should ensure these individuals don’t inadvertently dominate the rest of the team and the project’s outcomes. An easy way to do so is by encouraging everyone’s participation in team activities.

performing stage of team development

Team members look to a group leader for direction and guidance, usually CORAL project guides. Tuckman’s original work simply described the way he had observed groups evolve, whether they were conscious of it or not. In CORAL, the real value is in recognizing where a team is in the developmental stage process, and assisting the team to enter a stage consistent with the collaborative work put forth. In the real world, teams are often forming and changing, and each time that happens, they can move to a different Tuckman Stage. A group might be happily Norming or Performing, but a new member might force them back into Storming, or a team member may miss meetings causing the team to fall back into Storming.

Frequently Asked Questions

Teams that have been working closely for some time have resolved enough issues to understand what success looks like for them. For example, success can be anything from higher customer acquisition to a positive shift in the metrics they’re tracking. When teams work in the same space, it’s easy to see what everyone’s doing.

To advance from this stage to the next stage, each member must relinquish the comfort zone of non-threatening topics and risk the possibility of conflict. As a member, you’ll also get unlimited access to over 88,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. In Political Science from University of California, Berkeley. She has over 20 years of teaching experience at the college level in subjects including business and political science. When one person fails to complete a task, the rest of the group suffers.

Collaborative On-Line Research and Learning

In addition, conflicts and disagreements for the storming stage are mostly resolved. However, one problem that can occur during the norming stage is the group becoming too comfortable in their new sense of harmony and losing their focus. The few conflicts that arise are easily resolved, leading to greater harmony between the team members as they have confidence in each other. In this stage, individuals may get too comfortable with each other and reduce their input as they are less afraid of judgment. The group may become too occupied with retaining harmony and settling and detract away from the main goal.

performing stage of team development